Movement for people with limited mobility and/or motivation can be extremely difficult, therefore using props and resources that inspire, assist and demonstrate movement almost as a by-product are extremely useful. Here are some tried and tested examples that work on a number of levels to engage people with special needs  

Streamers - require movement to facilitate them and encourage dance, but also can provide the sense of movement around someone, provide a visual and even tactile sense of movement and, when coupled with an electric fan, move independently.    
Ribbons or elastic attached to a large hoop give clients the experience of movement from within, as others turn around them, swing it to and fro or create a cone within which to explore the space and the floor.  Touching vibrating elastic gives a feeling of movement too

Fans and Rah-Rahs – come in beautiful colours and a variety of lengths, and provide multisensory stimuli with amazing visuals, the feeling of air moving round you and swishing or snapping sounds if flicked.  

Cloths - suspended above or across the space also encourage exploration of space and motivate various kinds of movement. People can go under, around, through them, they can sway from side to side or swim between them. Making pathways on the floor encourages students to cross over, walk along, roll, crawl or wrap themselves up.  

Shadows - are great motivators, as clients enjoy watching their own and others’ shadows move, especially when they are spread large across a white wall. 
For less mobile participants, engaging by wiggling fingers on a moonhoop are just as fascinating and no less valid

Projections - showing people dancing, often in particular styles with specific music genres, encourage like movements.  

Broomhandles - simple, inexpensive props, can be used to enable movement on several levels, for example, a client with PMLD may be motivated to clasp a stick, (for some a difficult task in itself) and then be able to rock or sway with a facilitator. They can be used to make rhythms on the floor while dancing, or enhanced by tying bells/bottletops to the tops to create a jungle-jangle effect  

Costume - Being in role can often help clients to be less self-conscious and more willing to move. Add sounds to the costumes (i.e. bells to waistcoats, coins to scarves) and every movement is enhanced. 
Some costumes, such as cloaks and sarongs can be enjoyed for the movement they create themselves while accessories like fringes on arms and legs or removable scarves can influence the style of the dance  

Characters – can initiate and encourage certain dance styles, connecting with participants who may be shy of dancing with people they know, but who find a freedom with a stranger who may introduce new instruments, rhythms and songs  

Some instruments, in the very nature of how they are played, require some form of movement. 

The joy of movement gives a freedom that transcends our inhibitions and takes us to another place....

Movement pdf